Varanasi or Banaras is one of the oldest
cities of India. This city has found place in the Buddhist scriptures as
well the epic of Mahabharata.
In Pali language Varanasi was
called Banarasi hence it got the name 'Banaras'. Varanasi is also called
'Kashi' or the city of spiritual light. Kashi is the place where Shiva and
Parvati stood when the "time started ticking".
ancient city of India is located on holiest river of India--Ganga. This
relation is unique and has attracted thousands of pilgrims. One theory also
goes that Varanasi is located on the land between the river Varuna and Assi
hence the name Varanasi.
This town also has its place in history
with many events and incidents being related with it. From time immemorial
Varanasi has been the center of education, religion, art and culture.
For every visitor Varanasi has different experiences to offer. The
shimmering red and golden water of the Ganges when rays of dawn falls on
them, the high banks, the temples, the Ashrams, the pavilions all are an
experience in themselves.
Chanting of Mantras, the hymns along
with the fragrance of incense in fills the air with mysticism which entrails
every person. The refreshing dip in the Ganges with the splashing of water
along the ghats-- in Varanasi discovery and experience takes to the ultimate
Not only for its temples, Ghats and Ganges Banaras has
produced many exponents of art, music, literature and crafts. These people
were not different from others but it was the tradition of Banaras which
moulded them in the way they came out to be.
Why only the
luminaries, Varanasi has excelled in the art of silk weaving. The Banarasi
silk sarees and brocades are cherished as collector's items across the
As a eternal city with rich and vibrant past, it has no
exquisitely carved palaces, no impregnable fort no architectural splendour
but still the city has an inherent charm of its own.
dotted with temples, the maze of alleys along the ghats, what ever Varanasi
has is enough to attract the visitor again and again. The city which did not
die even after being plundered many times in is a true sense a fascinating
area to wander around. TOURIST ATTRACTIONS The
Ghats Of Varanasi
In this ancient city of pilgrimage, the bathing
ghats are main attraction. People flock here in large numbers every day to
take bath and worship in the temples built beside the river bank. Centuries
old tradition to offer puja to the rising Sun is still maintained.
The Kashi Vishwanath Temple / Gyanvapi Mosque
This temple is
dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is popularly known as the golden Temple due the
Gold plating done on its 15.5 meter high spire. One tonne of gold donated by
Maharaja Ranjit Singh has been used in the gold plating of the spire. The
temple was destroyed in the various invasions and was rebuilt in 1776 by
Rani Ahilyabai of Indore. St. Mary's Church
in the cantonment area of Benaras (Varanasi) the St. Mary's Church has a low
tower, spire and projecting poitico. Instead of windows tile, church has
louvred doors to the sides and hooded ventilation slots beneath the cornice.
Built in the 8th century, the Durga temple is one of
the most important temples in Varanasi. This temple is built in Nagara
Style. The shikhara of the temple is formed by many small spires which are
built one on top of the other. Bharat Mata Temple
This temple is dedicated to Mother India. Just one kilometer from the
Varanasi station. The temple is built in the Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth
which was built by Babu Shiv Prasad Gupt. This temple was inaugurated by
Mahatma Gandhi in 1936 so that the citizens could respect Mother India in
statue form. The statute is built in marble. The statue is a replica of
undivided India in three dimension which has the mountains, plains and
oceans in right proportion. Tulsi Manas Temple
temple is dedicated to Lord Rama. The temple is built in the place where
Goswami Tulsidas composed the epic 'Ramacharitramanas' which provides us
with detailed description of the history and deeds of Lord Rama. Tulsi Manas
Temple was constructed by a philanthropist family in 1964.
The King of Nepal had built this temple on Lalita
ghat in Nepali style. The Nepali temple is also called the 'Kathwala
temple'. The temple has some magnificent woodwork. Tourist from all over the
world come just to see this temple which has no comparison with any other
temple in India.
The workers who carved this temple out were
brought from Nepal. The wood used in the temple is also found in Nepal. The
speciality of this wood is that termites do not eat this wood.